This work is an extended study on the role of brain and cognition in L2 learning processes. By taking account of the type of encoding needed to convert input into intake and the tasks that EFL young learners are capable of, this book hopes to inform L2 practitioners of the potentially effective repertoire to assist L2 learners in advancing further their English learning. The author Dr.Li-ling Chuang is Associate Professor of Graduate Institute of Children's English at NCUE, Taiwan. She received her doctoral degree in Linguistics from UMCP, USA. Prior to joining the faculty at NCUE, she had served as a head of Department of English at Dayeh University. Current research interests include brain-based L2 teaching, L2 acquisition and processing, and L2 learning strategies.