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Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

Paperback - 04 June 2004
ISBN-13 : 9780486434148
Rp 58,000
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If humans are benevolent by nature, how do societies become corrupt? And how do governments founded upon the defense of individual rights degenerate into tyranny? These are the questions addressed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, a strikingly original inquiry into much-explored issues of 18th-century (and subsequent) philosophy: human nature and the best form of government.
Rousseau takes an innovative approach by introducing a hypothetical history that presents a theoretical view of people in a pre-social condition and the ensuing effects of civilization. In his sweeping account of humanity's social and political development, the author develops a theory of human evolution that prefigures Darwinian thought and encompasses aspects of ethics, sociology, and epistemology. He concludes that people are inevitably corrupt as a result of both natural (or physical) inequalities and moral (or political) inequalities.
One of the most influential works of the Enlightenment, the Discourse on the Origin of Inequality offers a thought-provoking account of society's origins and a keen criticism of unequal modern political institutions.

Customer Reviews

1 customer reviews Between 3−4 stars rating, 27 October 2017
Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
By: Jazman Arrafiq

I'm not very good in English, though. So let me review it in Bahasa. :)

Pertama kali keseret untuk membeli buku ini adalah ketika membaca bukunya Francis Fukuyama, The Origins of Political Order dan Political Order and Political Decay. Yep. 2 buku itu memberi referensi yang kaya akan pemikiran para tokoh abad 18-19.

Rousseau salah satunya. Buku Rousseau yang ini merupakan buku atau lebih tepatnya hasil dari sebuah sayembara yang di adakan oleh Akademi di Perancis. Buku menceritakan pemikiran Rousseau tentang awal mula ketidaksetaraan itu bermula. Sebenarnya dari mana sih? Apakah itu sesuatu yang alami atau disebabkan oleh "natural law" atau itu... See More

sesuatu yang buatan atau diciptakan karena "perbuatan" manusia?

Rousseau mencoba untuk mengelaborasi bahwa ketidaksetaraan tersebut terjadi karena "perbuatan" manusia dan bukan semata-mata disebabkan karena kondisi alamiah. Ada satu frasa yang kental bila diawali dari membaca bukunya Fukuyama,  "The first man who, having fenced in a piece of land....".

Atau untuk versi lebih lengkapnya, "The first man who, having fenced in a piece of land, said "This is mine," and found people naive enough to believe him, that man was the true founder of civil society.". Bagaimana "kepemilikan pribadi" merupakan awal mula munculnya ketidaksetaraan dan hal tersebut bukan sesuatu yang alamiah.

Rousseau menjadi salah satu pemikir awal dalam menguraikan sebab-sebab adanya inequality, dan tidak salah bila buku ini harusnya menjadi buku dasar sebagai pegangan bagi para penikmat hidup, buku ataupun stake holders terkait. :)

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