This book provides an introduction to the laws of the Middle East, defining the contours of a multi-faceted field of study. It introduces Middle Eastern law as a reflection of legal styles, many of which are shared by Islamic law and the laws of Christian and Jewish Near Eastern communities. It offers a detailed survey of the foundations of Middle Eastern Law, using court archives and an array of legal sources from the earliest records of Hammurabi to the massive compendia of law in the Islamic classical age through to the latest decisions of Middle Eastern high courts. It focuses on the way legislators and courts conceive of law and apply it in the Middle East. It builds on the author's extensive legal practice, to introduce the Middle Eastern law's main sources and concepts in a manner accessible to non-specialist legal scholars and practitioners alike.